Yarn Fibers

 

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Yarn Fibers

Yarn Fibers List | Yarn Weights List |

Acrylic
A synthetic fiber made from acrylonitirile which comes from coal, air water petroleum and limestone.  It has a soft, wooly hand; wash-and wear performance; excellent resistance to sunlight and good stability to repeated laundering.
Alpaca
A type of Llama which has a very long hair which is considered a wool.  It resembles mohair.  Alpaca fiber is soft, silky and fairly lightweight. 
Andalusian Wool
A medium fine grade of merino wool from spain.
Astrakha
Wool obtained from karakul lambs.
Baby Merino Wool
Wool from the merino sheep which produces a short fiber of  high quality.
Botany Wools
All Australian wools of high quality.
Bourette Silk
A coarse silk yarn spun from the waste produced in the manufacturing of schappe silk and silk elongation. 
Camel Hair
A hair yielded by the Bactrian camel of Asia.
Cashmere
A fine, soft, downy wool undergroth produced by the cashmere goat.
Chenille
A pile yarn made by weaving pile yarn and cutting into strips.
Chubut Wool
A fine quality merino wool produced in southern Argentina. 
Flax
The fiber from which linen yarn is produced.
Fleece
Wool sheared from sheep or other animals that produce wool fiber.
Grease Wool
Wool from the live sheep with yolk and swint intact.
Ice Wool
A thick, soft-spun, two-ply worsted wool yarn used for handknitting.
Jute
A bast fiber from the round pod jute or long pod jute primarily grown in Pakistan.
Lambswool
Wool from a lamb. Extremely soft.
Linen
A man made fiber made from flax.
Lurex
A Metallic Yarn by Lurex Co. incorporating transparent nylon, polyester and chemical laminates.
Merino Wool
Wool from the merino sheep which produces a short fiber of  high quality.
Metallic
Metallic
Microfibre
Microfiber is the terminology used to describe ultra-fine manufactured fibers and the name given to the technology of developing these fibers. Fibers made using microfiber technology, produce fibers which weigh less than 0.1 denier. The fabrics made from these extra-fine fibers provide a superior hand, a gentle drape and incredible softness. Comparatively, microfibers are two times finer than silk, three times finer than cotton, eight times finer than wool, and one hundred times finer than a human hair. Currently, there are four types of synthetic microfibers being produced. These include acrylic, nylon, polyester and rayon
Mohair
The Long, white, lustrous hair of the angora goat.
Mulberry Silk
Silk produced by worms which feed on leaves of mulberry trees.
Nylon
A synthetic fiber that is very stong, resistant to wringles and abrasion.
Pima Cotton
A variety of American-Egyptian cotton, grown mainly in the southwest United States.
Polyamide
A polyamide is a polymer containing monomers joined by peptide bonds. They can occur both naturally, examples being proteins, such as wool and silk, and can be made artificially, examples being Nylon, Kevlar and sodium poly(aspartate).
Polyester
The most widely used and versatile of the man-made/synthetic fibers.
Polypropelene
A paraffin-based syntetic fiber.  Also known as olefin.
Pulled Wool
Wool taken from dead animals by means of chemicals.
Rabbit Hair
A soft hair from a rabbit.
Ramie
A strong, lustrous, natural fiber from the ramie plant grown in Asia.
Rayon
Made from cellulose and is weak when wet.  Weakened by exposure to sunlight.
Saxony
A fine, elastic wool with a short, strong staple obtained from German merino sheep.
Scoured Wool
Wool washed clean by mechanized and chemical methods.
Shetland Wool
A fiber produced by the Shetland sheep. 
Silk
The product of the silk worm.
Soybean
Soy Bean Plant Fiber
Superwash Wool
A wool that has been treated in such a way that it is machine washable.
Toussah
Silk fiber from wilk, uncultivated silkworms.
Virgin Wool
Virgin wool is classified by the Federal Trade Commision standards indicating fibers which have never been made into fabric before.  The term is primarily used to differentiate between those fibers that have been reprocessed, reclaimed and reused.
Viscose Rayon
Rayon produced via the viscose method.
Waste Silk
Short silk filaments that cannot be reeled from the cocoon.
recycled
Wild Silk
The term wild silk is a commercial term since the worms, which were beeding originally in a wild environment.
Wool
Wool (unspecified) - general purpose.